How many of you know that this tradition started some hundreds of years back?
If the storms wind speed crosses 74 mph, it would be called as ‘Cyclone’ in the Indian Ocean, ‘Typhoon’ in the Pacific, ‘Hurricane’ in the Atlantic. The tradition of naming cyclones/typhoon/hurricane started in the Atlantic Ocean where the storms crosswind speed of 39 miles per hour. The proper practice of naming tropical cyclones began in 1945.
After the Orissa Cyclone in 1999, during its annual session 2000, World Meteorological Organization decided to assign names to Cyclonic storms that occur in the Indian Ocean. Group of eight countries namely India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, and Thailand submitted eight names each which contain the list of 64 cyclone names.
Here is the list of names given by various countries.
India: Agni, Akash, Bijli, Jal, Lehar, Megh, Sagar, and Vayu.
Bangladesh: Onil, Ogni, Nisha, Giri, Helen, Chapala, Ockhi, and Fani.
Maldives: Hibaru, Gonu, Alla, Kella, Madi, Roanu, Mekunu, and Hikaa.
Thailand: Mukda, Khai Muk, Phet, Phalini, Komen, Mora, Phethai, and Amphan.
Myanmar: Pyarr, Yemyin, Phyan, Thane, Nanauk, Kyant, Daye, and Kyarr.
Oman: Baaz, Sidr, Ward, Murjan, Hudhud, Nada, Luban,and Maha.
Pakistan: Fanoos, Nargis, Laila, Nilam, Nilofar, Vardah, Titli, and Bulbul.
Sri Lanka: Mala, Rashmi, Bandu, Viyaru, Ashobaa, Maarutha, Gaja, and Pawan.
In 2014, Cyclone HUDHUD, which affected eastern India and Nepal was named by Oman. In 2017, Cyclone OCKHI which caused severe damage to Kerala was named by Bangladesh. In 2018, Cyclone TITLI was named by Pakistan. In 2019, Cyclone FANI was named by Bangladesh. The next cyclone would be named VAYU, a name given by India.
The main reason to name a Cyclone is to make everyone easily remember the Cyclone. It would help the government, authorities, and media to warn and report the Cyclone.
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